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Electoral Zoning Saga and Public Persuasion. A Prospective Evaluation of the 2023 Cross River State Gubernatorial Election Outcome

Wissenschaftlicher Aufsatz 11 Seiten

Zusammenfassung

This article examined the Electoral Zoning Saga and Public Persuasion of the 2023 Cross River State Gubernatorial Election. Critically deliberating on the two schools of thoughts existent in this context – one which agrees with the implementation of the political zoning standard and the other which disagrees in disagreement.

The agenda setting theory as well as the social judgement theory were adopted in the article to establish a workable theoretical framework. The study employed the interpretivist paradigm of qualitative analysis and a finding from textual analysis of respondents speech contents portray that campaign contents that will not reflect unity and social cohesion void of ethnic bias will increase the difficulties in the state.

Leseprobe

ABSTRACT

This article examined the Electoral Zoning Saga and Public Persuasion: A Prospective Evaluation of the 2023 Cross River State Gubernatorial Election Outcome. Critically deliberating on the two schools of thoughts existent in this context – one which agrees with the implementation of the political zoning standard and the other which disagrees in disagreement. The agenda setting theory as well as the social judgement theory were adopted in the article to establish a workable theoretical framework. The study employed the interpretivist paradigm of qualitative analysis and a finding from textual analysis of respondents speech contents portray that campaign contents that will not reflect unity and social cohesion void of ethnic bias will increase the difficulties in the state.

INTRODUCTION

In Nigeria's democratic system, elections have always been a fundamental means of determining who will be in charge. This country's history is littered with examples of its leaders being elected at practically every level of government, only to be cut short by military takeovers and other interruptions to the electoral process (JEJE, ADEBAYO AND AZAIGBA, 2022). According to OJIE (2006), people in positions of authority in a democracy do so with the explicit consent and lawful mandate expressed by the voters on a regular basis through an open, free, and fair electoral process. A democratic government is one in which the people are in charge, but only if they can agree on the pace with the people they govern.

Elections are an essential mechanism and practical tool for guaranteeing the smooth turnover of power in a democracy's management of leadership. As a result, every administration develops political legitimacy and authority. In a democracy, elections play a critical role in expressing the will of the people, inducing political change, and establishing the legitimacy of regimes. On the other hand, OJIE (2006) asserts that elections show how popular a government is and exposes the social contract that exists between the government and the governed, which displays the basis of political authority, legitimacy, and citizens' responsibilities. Political accountability between the governors and governed is shaped and enhanced by reciprocity and trade in this way, as well (OSINAKACHUKWU & JAWAN, 2011).

Nigeria's elections have thus far defied the cornerstone of democracy because of the establishment of political zoning standards (VANGUARD, 2022). Unfortunately, Nigeria belongs to the unfortunate group of countries in Africa, particularly Sub-Saharan Africa, where elections are poorly managed. All of this is done in order to facilitate the creation of a 'biased' political zoning schedule from a certain geographic area, which may at some point be the most unfulfilling location.

Due to political differences, the country has been plagued by political instability as a result of the use of zoning (SUN, 2022). Cross River State, like every other state in the federation, uses a zoning arrangement to swap power between the northern, central, and southern senatorial districts. According to external interpretations of the SAHARA REPORTERS (2022), it is understood by the people through evident scenarios that candidates may be selected alternately from the north, centre, or south and presented to voters in manipulated polls. In Nigeria, the topic of zoning has been a difficult one, and this is evident in various states. True federalism in a state like Cross River, which has a rich cultural, linguistic, and economic diversity, must show a sincere effort to regulate among the groups and a reflection of these distinct differences in a framework of sustainable unity.

Cross River State, on the other hand, is home to more than 150 distinct linguistic communities. A geographical division of the groups is made up of eighteen different local government areas: Abi, Akamkpa, Akpabuyo, Bakassi, Bekwarra, Biase, Boki, Calabar Municipality, Calabar South, Etung, Ikom, Obanliku, Obudu, Obubra, Ogoja, Odukpani, Yakurr and Yala.. Everyone wants a chance to be the next governor, and it will be unreasonable if only one local government area is able to do so over and over again. In order to develop zoning, political party zones must agree on how they will divide power. It is actually possible to go from north to south, central to southern, and so forth.

The most popular type of zoning is the "gentleman's agreement." In order to ensure a smooth transition of power when his term ends, a regional politician would often tell another regional politician that he plans to secede power to him upon tenure completion.

In 1979, the second civilian administration of Alhaji Shehu Shagari and Dr. Alex Ekwueme established the Nigerian political zoning system, which laid the groundwork for the practise of zoning in the federation's states (PREMUIM TIMES, 2022). During an eight-year cycle, the zoning system within states was designed to give equal opportunity to Nigeria's north, centre, and south to produce the governor. Consequently, the system became a widely accepted political practise in Nigerian culture as the nation's political institutions matured and grew through time. Buhari/military Idiagbon's regime abridged the original Shagari zoning formula, which was published in 1979. Consequently, southern Nigerians were not be able to experience the strategy.

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Details

Seiten
11
ISBN (PDF)
9783346696649
Sprache
Englisch
Erscheinungsdatum
2022 (August)
Schlagworte
Politics election Electoral college Electoral zoning gubernatorial Public Persuasion saga
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Titel: Electoral Zoning Saga and Public Persuasion. A Prospective Evaluation of the 2023 Cross River State Gubernatorial Election Outcome