The main concern of this essay is to explain the general situation of the media in China and
North Korea under the governmental control. I will try to talk about the brief media history in
these countries in order to lead up readers to come to understand the concept. I will explain
how the revolutions affected the media in China and North Korea afterwards. It would be
wise to mention what the governments have been doing so as to control the media in these
lands. I will exemplify my assertions through some striking instances such as Tibet and Hong
Kong. Eventually, I will mention the general case within the history and conclude it by giving
my own ideas about the media over there. I aim at the students who study in this area as well
as mere people pondering over the case in China and North Korea.
Keywords: China, North Korea, media, communication, government, control, revolution.
Introduction: A Brief Media Explanation of China and North Korea
North Korea and China probably are passed for the most anticipated places in the world due
to their politics as well as social structure, which are made by the revolutions and government
controls. Both countries are spectacular in terms of their unique cultures and traditions that are
completely different from the rest of the world. What we are concerned here about these two
countries is their media under the governmental control. We all know of the political stories
around this remote geography but few of us are aware of what has been going on over there in
terms of communication and media. I would like to begin this untold story with a brief media
history of North Korea and China.
China has been known one of the most resticted countries in the world due to the fact that
Communist Party, which dominates country since 1949, is the main voice of the country and
limits the mediums such as newspaper, television, radio etc speaking of media.
For 53 years, China has been run by the communist regime and opened its doors to the
external world in 1978. Since then, they have been wary of the Western world and watching
out its boom in economy and political progress carefully. Due to the economical breakthrough
which made China one of the biggest powers in the world, they have started to have a voice
and dominate the world policy beside the States and Russia as well as European countries.
The power that they obtained strengthened their internal pressure and dominance in every
field of the mere Chinese’s lives as Zhao Yuezhi in Communication in China. One of the
areas that got affected mostly was media without any doubt. During a few decades, Reporters
Without Borders pointed out China and clearly highlighted the poor and limited media
freedom in the country. It has been protecting its ranking between 170-175 among all and
does not seem to improve for good when the index examined carefully.
North Korea has been defined as the least independent country on the planet in terms of every
medium in communication as well as politics. It is at the bottom of Press Freedom index of
Reporters Without Borders and does not make any progress even once. What made North
Korea the least free and safe country in the world was obviously The Korean War in 1950-53.
It was such a milestone that two countries determined their own ways and changed their paths
sharply by all means. When South Korea traced the United States and adopted a capitalist
economy, North Korea followed Russia and China yet eventually found itself at the center of
the communist world.
That it adopted the communist regime and economy accordingly changed the Northern Korea
more than we all expected. The military took place at the heart of politics and dominated the
country by brutal force. They closed themselves to the external world and shut down all of the
doors permanently in accordance with their new policy made by Kim Jong-il and his officers.
Years passed by and changed nothing for North Korea. The regime was as powerful as it used
to be. The pressure was felt by mere citizens and in media in this land day by day. The vital
mediums were shut down by the government on account to the fact that they had damaged the
authority and caused the national unity a lot of problems.
The situation in the country even worsened by time and did not make any breakthrough after
Kim Jong-il passed away though. With the sneaky support of Russia and China, North Korea
is considered a dangerous country since they have been conducting a nuclear weapon project.
Due to the fact that the Internet is restricted and controlled by the government by all means,
the North Koreans are deprived of the facts around the world and grow to be proud of their
countries and nations by praising Kim-Jung-il all the time. That media does not speak out in
this country gives birth to several problems and aftermaths for the whole citizens that lack the
intelligence to question what is going on in their trouble land.