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The Prohibition of Marihuana and the effect on the Paper and Pharmaceutical Industry in the USA

Facharbeit (Schule) 2014 11 Seiten

Amerikanistik - Kultur und Landeskunde


Table of Contents

1. Introduction

2. Definition of Cannabis
2.1 History of Cannabis
2.2 Cannabis as a natural resource
2.2.1 Use of Cannabis in the paper industry
2.2.2 Use of Cannabis in the pharmaceutical industry

3. Prohibition of cannabis in the USA
3.1. Anslinger’s drug policy
3.2. Marihuana tax act

4. Why cannabis had to be eliminated
4.1 Concerning the paper industry
4.2 Concerning the pharmaceutical industry

5. Conclusion

6. Bibliography

1. Introduction

The reason why I chose the topic „The prohibition of cannabis and the effect on the Paperand Pharmaceutical Industry in the USA“ is that a lot of people don’t know the actual reason why cannabis was prohibited in the United States back in the 1930s and 40’s. It is a common fact that smoking marihuana can lead to a seizure of unrestrained indulgence. However this was not the actual reason why people tried to ban cannabis in America.

In this research paper I am going to answer the central question what the deciding reason was that cannabis was prohibited in the USA. Furthermore I am going to workout the effects on the paper- and pharmaceutical Industry.

First I am going to describe what cannabis actually is and how it is used as a natural resource. Then I am going to discuss under what influence cannabis was prohibited in the USA. Finally I try to find a proper way to deal with the situation and have a look at the future for the cannabis industry.

2. Definition of Cannabis

Marihuana is the most widely used name for the hemp plant called cannabis. Cannabis itself can be divided into three sub-categories, Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica and Cannabis ruderalis. Cannabis sativa exposes to be the most useful species for the production of fibrous material or drugs.1 Since Cannabis sativa is quite weatherproof, it grows as a cultivated plant in different climates all over the world.

Cannabis produces so called cannabinoids. The most concentrated cannabinoid types are THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol). Those two types are responsible for the psychoactive effect of marihuana. The potency of active ingredients of THC in marihuana amounts to around 2 and up to 20%.2 Marihuana is the term used for dried pistillate flowers, the base material for cannabis as an intoxicant. The staminate flower of cannabis doesn’t contain THC. Thus only pistillate flowers can set somebody in intoxication. Marihuana is the most widely spread prohibited drug in the USA.3 4 Smoking marihuana brings THC into the lungs and into the brain. There it suppresses the neurons, causing a distortion of perception of time, a lack of coordination and sometimes uncontrollable hilarity.

2.1 History of Cannabis

Cannabis itself has a long history. For thousands of years cannabis has had a high value for humans. It was not only to be known for its healing effects, it was also known for its usefulness in the industry.

Originally marihuana was cultivated as a crop in India and China.5

With the migration movement it came to Europe where it spread all over the continent. In the 17th century cannabis was brought to North America.

Cannabis became a popular plant in the USA. Even George Washington grew cannabis in his backyard for medical use according to his statement.6

Thanks to its useful features cannabis was able to break into the economy market.

2.2 Cannabis as a natural resource

2.2.1 Use of Cannabis in the paper industry

It is a common fact that cannabis is a versatile natural resource. For example, cannabis can be eminently suitable in the paper industry. The most useful species for paper production is cannabis sativa. Paper made out of cannabis has an enormous advantage in comparison with paper made out of wood. From one hectare cannabis you can produce four times more paper than with one hectare of timber.7


1 - 27.2.14

2 - 4.3.14

3 - 3.3.14

4 van Treek, Werner, Drogen- und Sucht Lexikon, p. 121, 2004

5 Li, Hui-Lin. 1974. The Origin and Use of Cannabis in Eastern Asia: Linguistic Cultural Implications. Econ. Botany (3): 293-303.

6 - 22.2.14

7 - 4.3.14


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Titel: The Prohibition of Marihuana and the effect on the Paper and Pharmaceutical Industry in the USA