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Seismic Performance of RC Frame Structures with Semi-Interlocked Masonry and Unreinforced Masonry Infill

A Comparative Study

von Mangeshkumar Shendkar (Autor) M. L. Waikar (Autor)

Forschungsarbeit 2017 5 Seiten

Ingenieurwissenschaften - Bauingenieurwesen

Leseprobe

Abstract: The main objective of the study was to investigate the importance of inter-locked brick infill in multi-storied buildings it uses masonry panels made of dry stack interlocking masonry units capable of relative sliding in plane and interlocked to prevent sliding out-of-plane. The major objective of the system is to improve the earthquake performance of framed structures with masonry panels acting as energy dissipation devices (EDD). An analytical program conducted to evaluate the behavior of different framed masonry panels. It was found that semi-interlocked masonry (SIM) panels have significant energy dissipation capacity due to friction between the masonry units. This paper presents the results of a numerical simulation of earthquake vibrations on a multi-storey reinforced concrete frame with different infills namely SIM & URM panel.

Key words: Semi-interlocked masonry, nonlinear static analysis, Energy dissipation device etc.

1. Introduction

Recently, the most common structural system for both residential and office buildings consists of multi-level framed structures are masonry infilled RC frames so it is so important to determine the earthquake behavior of RC structures with infill walls under seismic load. Nonlinear structural analyses and finite element method are used to determine the earthquake behavior of structures with infill walls. Masonry is one of the most popular construction materials. It has many excellent properties and proven durability. Over time, masonry has evolved from a material used for massive structural walls, which work mainly in compression, to more slender walls, which can also be subjected to considerable tension and shear. However, modern slender unreinforced masonry (URM) walls have poor earthquake resistance due to their high mass and with low tensile and shear strength. The design of masonry with improved earthquake resistance presents a challenge for structural engineers .SIM is a conceptually new type of framed masonry built of dry stack interlocking units.SIM units are capable of relative sliding in plane and locked against relative movement out-of-plane. Interlocking brick system in building works is a fast and cost effective construction system and provides good solution in construction. Hence, there is a need to hasten the effort to determine the effectiveness of using interlocking brick in construction system.

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Fig 1.1 Different methods of semi-interlocking

2. MATERIALS AND METHODS

2.1 Introduction:

Nonlinear static analyses of interlocked brick and standard brick infilled frames and bare frame specimen were performed under finite element software Seismostruct. The prominent features of this software are capability of predicting the large displacement behavior of space frames under static or dynamic loading, taking into account both geometric nonlinearities and material inelasticity. The monotonic lateral loads applied to the top of the columns, modeled as in software. Materials, sections, elements, restraints and loading type are the characteristics that affect specimen behavior substantially. Models (material models, element models) which related with these characteristics have numerous empirical and physical parameters.

2.2 Problem statement:

For this study, a 5-storey with 5 bays two dimensional frame (Each bay span 4 m) and floor height 3.0m, regular in plan is considered. This building is considered to be situated in seismic zone ‘v’ and designed in compliance to the Indian Code of Practice for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures. The building is modeled using software seismostruct. Model is studied for comparing the performance of RC frame structures with semi-interlocked masonry panel and unreinforced masonry panel for different models as follow:

1) Bare frame
2) URM (open ground RC frame)
3) URM (only side bay infilled at ground of RC frame)
4) URM (Full infilled RC frame)
5) SIM (Full infilled RC frame)
6) SIM (open ground RC frame)
7) SIM (only side bay infilled at ground of RC frame)

Table 2.1 Structural details of RC frame

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2.3 Analytical study

2.3.1 Introduction

Nonlinear static analyses of interlocked brick and standard brick infilled frames and bare frame specimens performed under finite element software Seismostruct. The prominent features of this software are capability of predicting the large displacement behavior of space frames under static or dynamic loading, taking into account both geometric nonlinearities and material inelasticity

2.3.2 Material models

A) Concrete Model (Mander et. al - concrete model):

This model is a uni-axial nonlinear constant confinement model that the effects of confinement provided by the lateral transverse reinforcement

B) Steel Model (Menegotto -pinto steel model)

This is a uni-axial steel model initially programmed by Yassin [1994]. Its employment should be confined to the modeling of reinforced concrete structures, particularly those subjected to complex loading histories. Stress-strain relationship proposed by Menegotto and Pinto [1973], coupled with the isotropic hardening rules proposed by Filippou et al. [1983]

2.3.3 Element classification for column, beam and infill

A) Inelastic Force-Based Frame Element type (infrmFB) for column and beam:

This is the force-based 3D beam-column element type capable of modeling members of space frames with geometric and material nonlinearities. As described in the Material inelasticity paragraph, the sectional stress-strain state of beam-column elements is obtained through the integration of the nonlinear uni-axial material response of the individual fibers in which the section has been subdivided, fully accounting for the spread of inelasticity along the member length and across the section depth. Element infrmFB is the most accurate among the four inelastic frame element types of SeismoStruct, since it is capable of capturing the inelastic behavior along the entire length of a structural member, even when employing a single element per member. Hence, its use allows for very high accuracy in the analytical results

B) Inelastic Infill Panel Element (infill):

Each infill panel element represented by four axial struts and two shear springs, as shown in Figure .This element is able to define with three groups of parameters. First group is about physical characteristics of infill panel, second group is about compression/tension struts defined by strut curve parameters, and third group is about shear spring that defined by shear curve parameters.

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Fig 2.1 Inelastic infill panel element

2.3.4 Data Compilation and Calculation

Lumped mass is calculated and applied for each node which is due to the dead weight of the floor slab and the infill walls. Reinforcement in beam and column sections for the structure are calculated according to analytical results of frame from SAP-2000 using gravity load & seismic load condition with M30 concrete and Fe500 steel reinforcement. These sections are assigned to the simulation of the structure made in Seismostruct and lumped masses are also assigned to each node. Thus the structure is simulated in Seismostruct with 5stories-5 bays two dimensional frames with different infill conditions. This structure is loaded from x-axis to get the performance curves in respective axis.

Table 2.2 Seismic weight calculation

illustration not visible in this excerpt

On the basis of this seismic weight calculation, Design Base shear = Ah x W = 0.225x 2976

= 669.8 KN

This base shear is shared amongst each floor as: Loading along x-axis:

1. 14.88 kN (Slab Level 1)
2. 59.54 kN (Slab Level 2)
3. 125.46 kN (Slab Level 3)
4. 223.05 kN (Slab Level 4)
5.246.41 kN (Slab Level 5)

3. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

A) Pushover Curves of different RC in-filled frames

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Graph 3.1 Comparison of pushover curves for Different frames

B) Base shear:

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Graph 3.2 Comparison of Base Shear for Different frame

C) DUCTILITY:

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Graph 3.3 Comparison of Ductility for Different frames

4. CONCLUSIONS

1. Base shear is maximum in SIM infilled frame as compared to URM infilled frame.
2. Ductility is maximum in SIM infilled frame as compared to URM infilled frame.
3. Ductility is higher in bare frame as compared to all other frames.
4. Ductility reduces when frame infilled with SIM and URM panel.
5. SIM panel acts as a energy dissipation device in structure because it dissipates more energy through relative shear sliding mechanism
6. SIM infilled frame gives fast & economic construction as compared to URM infilled frame

5. References

[1] Crisafulli FJ. (1997) "Seismic behaviour of reinforced concrete structures with masonry infills”. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Canterbury, New Zealand

[2] E. Smyrou , C. Blandon , S. Antoniou , R. Pinho , F. Crisafulli [2011]"Implementation and verification of a masonry panel model for nonlinear dynamic analysis of in-filled RC frames”

[3] Francisco J. Crisafulli and Athol J. Carr [2007] "Proposed Macro-Model For The Analysis Of Infilled Frame Structures” The New Zealand Society For Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 40.

[4] Ibrahim Serkan Misir [2014]"Potential Use of Locked Brick Infill Walls to Decrease Soft-Story Formation in Frame Buildings” American Society of Civil Engineers

[5] Koray Kadas [2006]"Influence of Idealized pushover curves on seismic response”

[6] Lini M Thomas, Kavitha P.E. [2016] "Effect of Locked Brick Infill Walls on the Seismic Performance of Multistoried Building” IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE)

[7] Tarek M. Alguhane, Ayman H. Khalil, M.N.Fayed, Ayman M. Ismail[2015)]"Seismic assessment of old existing RC buildings with masonry infill in madinah as per ASCE" International Journal Of Civil, Environmental, Structural, Construction And Architectural Engineering Vol:9, No:1

[8] Zhiyu Wang,Yuri Totoev,Adrian Page,Willy Sher and Kun Lin [2015] "Numerical simulation of earthquake response of multi-storey steel frame with SIM infill panels"" Advances in structural engineering and mechanics (ASEM)

[9] Z. Wang , Y. Totoev & k.Lin [2016] "Non-linear static analysis of multi-storey steel frame with semi-interlocking masonry infill panels"" Brick and Block Masonry - Trends, Innovations and Challenges - Modena, da Porto & Valluzzi (Eds)© 2016 Taylor & Francis Group, London, ISBN 978-1-138-02999-6

Details

Seiten
5
Jahr
2017
ISBN (Buch)
9783668521568
Dateigröße
788 KB
Sprache
Englisch
Katalognummer
v373835
Institution / Hochschule
Shri Guru Gobind Singhji Institute of Engineering and Technology
Note
9.15
Schlagworte
semi-interlocked masonry nonlinear static analysis energy dissipation device RC frame Ductility

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Titel: Seismic Performance of RC Frame Structures with Semi-Interlocked Masonry and Unreinforced Masonry Infill