Define the relationship between management and leadership and demonstrate their key differences
According to Armstrong (2009), “Management is concerned with the effective use of all resources, including people. While leadership concentrates on getting the best out of people to do their best to achieve a desired result. It involves developing and communicating a vision for the future, motivating people and gaining their engagement.” These definitions mentions that there are several different between leading and managing people in businesses and organisations. In general, people consider management is all about planning, organising, leading and controlling while leadership is more concern with qualities such as motivation, innovation and support to achieve the goals and objectives.
This essay will explain the major different between the leadership and management. By comparing the differences, I will first define the concepts of leadership and management, their roles and how they inspire, lead, support and motivate people in the workforces. Second I will analyse more detail on leadership and management functions are widely operation based on several scholar and academics and business perspectives, and finally I will use the several leadership and management theories to explain key differences between leadership and managerial behaviour in order to predict the future managerial leadership skill in organisations.
The concepts of leadership and management
Managers are important people in a team or company as they have been separate from those who develop product and deliver services. They are also important people because they help other people to do the important work as well as developing and delivering services. Management is concern with making decision and allocating resources, including human resources and often involves analysing and calculation based on facts and reports (Gosling & Mintzberg, 2003).
Leadership is a process by which a person influences others to accomplish a goal and objectives as well as directs the organisation in a way that create it more cohesive and coherent. Good leaders are emerging through a process of education, training and experience. Good leadership skills and knowledge are possess by the leaders that can be influences by his or traits or attributes such as values, belief, ethics and characters.
In order to inspire someone working under higher ground of teamwork, there are certain things that leader should realise such as these do not come naturally, but are acquired through continual work practices. Therefore, successful leaders are continually working and studying to accomplish the leadership skills in them. For instance, banks director is setting up the sales target for each of the branches at the beginning of financial year as well as new products are also added to the services of the organisation. This assume that goals and objectives have been put in place for the employees to work toward. To do this, sales will be increased and new customers will join the bank service while considering the new products introduced by the leadership team.
There are three ways to improve a vision for a leader. First, the leader to grow a personal vision and to then communicate it to the organisation. Because it depends in a leader’s ability and skills to communicate the vision to the organisation, then persuade the member of the organisation to accept it. Second, in order to have a clear vision, it is necessary to hire a consultant. The third one is to develop a vision is to gather the top managers to make a consent vision. Effective communication is also important to create a clear vision including sending out clear message both verbal and non-verbally. Dilenschneider suggests that it is essential to understand “inside-out” communication that managers should examine the communication process themselves (Walonick, 1993).
Managers are also play important part of organisation that are involved in daily business activity. Most people believe that managers are mostly responsible for ‘getting things done’ through other people. When jobs roles and activities are given out, the mangers role is to responsible in achieving this job either through supervision or working together with his or her team members. The term manager refers to depend on a number of different organisations and people in a business. Some job titles may refer to use manager as personal manger or front line manager or brand manager and some job titles do not use the term at all. In general, managers act as a leader on behalf of the owners of an organisation. They are accountable for the tasks and activities of the organisation for both director and shareholders. They usually see the objectives for the organisation ensure that the business meet its objectives while managing other people in the organisation to ensure that the company’s value are dealing well with other business, customers, and employees.
Differences in Leadership and Management
There are different between managers whose obtain formal position of authority and leaders whose possess the ability to influence others. Successful manager always try to play as a part of leadership as they often share the responsibility of leading and management with employees as well as playing form of leadership responsibilities which are transitioned from managers to effective team members. There are differences identified between managers and leaders. Managers pay attention on doing things rights while leaders focus on doing the right things. Mangers are also focused on solidity and the best way to accomplish the job done, and leaders focus more on innovation and change. These days, managerial roles should be able to lead through motivating others and trying to make stability condition to success. In addition, managerial and leadership roles are overlapping between the two paradigms because successful leaders are good at managing, as well as successful mangers can lead toward successful leaders (Lussier, 2016).
Today, successful organisation requires both innovative, motivate and successful managers and leaders and it is very essential to understand the key elements of both managerial and leadership skills and how each of these skills lead to both mangers and leaders success in their careers and organisations.
According to John Kotter, retired Harvard Business School professor mentioned that there are difference in between management and leadership. He suggested that management is about coping with complexity and leadership is about coping with change. Kotter outlies the three ways that to manage companies complexity. First, planning and budgeting – setting at targets or goals for the future by allocating resources to achieve them. Second, management can accomplish its plan by organisational structure and hiring qualified individuals to fill the necessary jobs. Third, management should set the plan is necessary to achieved by controlling and problem solving. That mean ensure that people do their jobs and mangers should monitor results and plan in very detail by making reports, meeting, verbal to organise to solve problems that may arise (Williams, 2003).
Kotter also describes about what is meant to be real leaders. Being a leader is about coping and change in very competitive and volatile business environment. There are three key ways that leadership copes with change. First, setting a direction: Kotter suggests that leaders can attempt to constructive change by setting a direction instead of dealing with complexity through planning and budgeting. Because leader should be able to seek a vision for the future as well as required strategies to change. Second, leaders should aligning with people instead of organising and staffing. Therefore, they can communicate and achieve new ideas and direction to people in the company who can realise the vision and make coalitions around them. Third, leaders usually try to accomplish their vision by motivating an inspiring their followers instead of controlling and problem solving. Kotter said that motiving people can keep people to move into the right direction and overcome the obstacles to change, by saying, “basic but often untapped human needs, values, and emotions,” (Williams, 2003).
Jeff Bezos, founder and CEO of Amazon has a unique leadership skill in which he is capable of changing styles depending on the people he is working with in company. Bezos’s strong sense of humour and excellent strategic thinking help him bring together to ease before he can make any decisions on what he wants his employees to do. He also has a strong sense of self-awareness that he never overly criticise or unrealistically hopeful. He had understand well of his own values and realise where he was going from and start with Amazon. For example, people said he was wasting times and money during the times of Amazon unprofitable trading. However, he was confident to seek the profit of Amazon in the long-term with customer service by offering wide variety of selection with low prices, fast and reliable delivery. As a result, Amazon quickly become the one the most trusted brand for consumers, sellers and creators.
Bezos has a very influential leadership and managerial skill. He has a clear shared vision and objectives for the company by changing the way the people buy and read book with e-book readers and tablets. Bezos has a strong interpersonal skill such as motivates employees to develop the business. He is also a good decision-maker who possesses the conceptual ability to grow a successful business model as well as always wanting to changes things around to develop the company (Lussier, 2016).
Leadership and Management Approaches
Analysing the leadership theory is the best explanation of some aspect of leadership behaviours in order to better understand and predict the successful leadership skills. There are four principles perspectives of leadership theory. They are trait, behavioural, contingency, and integrative theories.
The trait theory attempt to explain that leaders are born, not made. It is based on the assumption that holds that effectiveness leaders possess a similar way of traits or characteristics. The great leaders such as Abranham Lincoln and Napolean Bonaparte were characteristics to have such inborn ability to lead. Trait theorists assumed that leadership theory were not distinctive which acquired through learning and experience. Traits theory is always play a major role in recognise leaders, and organisations could find is useful to consider selected leadership traits, as well as selecting among people for leadership position (Williams, 2003).
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