Table of Contents
RESULTS, DISCUSSION, AND IMPLICATIONs
CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
This study purported to correlate the reading interest of Criminology I students of Carlos Hilado Memorial State College - Binalbagan Campus, Binalbagan, Negros Island Region during the Academic Year 2015-2016. A descriptive-relational research design was used in the study utilizing 150 students as respondents. The percentile and Spearman’s rho were used to treat the data. Findings revealed that the reading interest of the students was more on fictional reading materials like comics, novel, and drama which got the highest rank among the reading preferences rather than the non-fictional reading materials. Moreover, there were significant relationships between the pairs of novel and comics, novel and newspaper, and drama and poem.
Keywords: reading interest, Criminology students, Carlos Hilado Memorial State College-Binalbagan Campus, fictional reading materials, non-fictional reading materials
Reading is a complex mental activity which enables one’s capacity in obtaining information on the present situation (Alfassi, 2004 as cited by Zare and Othman, 2013) and Wallace (2007) stated that it is a process of learning opportunity and a skill that must be developed by the readers to achieve the pleasurable outcome. According to the U. S. Department of Education (2005), reading is one of the ways to achieving the success in school and in life. The reading ability of a person should be enhanced especially to the students to have high reading interests (Khairuddin, 2013).
Reading interest is the daily practice of the readers to seek for reading materials and engage themselves in reading whenever they are (Devarajan, 1995 as cited in Nawarathne, 2012). Generally, reading is a complex cognitive skill which involves various subskills, processes, and sources. It ranges from the basic level visual process to higher level skills that include semantics, syntax, discourse, and text representation skills and idea integration with the global knowledge of the readers (Nassaji, 2011).
Reading is an important tool in building and shaping one’s life and a vital element in the learning process especially to students’ reading interest that would enable them to understand and appreciate reading materials and tools (Dai, 2013). Similarly, learners who are learning English as their second language face experiences in reading English materials that could help them determine their attitudes in reading. Moreover, students advance their reading development stages when they employ their attitude in reading using English as their second language (Marrero, 2009).
Furthermorr, in 2012, Griva, et al stated that students as part of reading variety of sources, they are able to locate, select, and make use of relevant information and recognize them as a record of human experience. Reading of various texts provides students with information from diverse forms and perspectives. Hence, schools are to become an authentic environment as students’ room for preferences, interests, and developing their literacy skills.
The foregoing concepts on reading and the acquisition of reading skills motivated the present researcher to delve into making a research on the reading interest of students in English because this would contribute to the reading interest of students which eventually develop their skills in reading comprehension. Thus, this study is initiated.
This study aimed to determine the reading interest of the Criminology I students of Carlos Hilado Memorial State College – Binalbagan Campus, Binalbagan, Negros Occidenral during the second semester of the Academic Year 2015-2016.
Specifically, it sought answers to the following problems:
1. What are the reading interests of the Criminology I students as a whole in terms of: a) age & b) sex?
2. Are the reading interests of the Criminology I students correlated to one another?
The present study is anchored on Vygotsky’s Theory (1994) who developed a theory of thought development based upon word meanings. This theory informed the study and was essential in its analysis. According to this theory, the intellectual development of children, specifically their ability to think independently, is reliant upon their ability to convey thoughts through language. Their language facility evolves as their word meanings develop through their social and cultural experiences.
The respondents of this study were the 150 first year Criminology, who are the Alpha, Bravo, Charlie, Delta, Echo, and Foxtrot students of Carlos Hilado Memorial State College – Binalbagan Campus during the second semester in the school year 2015-1016. The focus of the investigation of the study was on the reading interest of students as a whole and in terms of age and sex. Moreover, the descriptive-relational research design was used particularly the survey method.
This study is significant to the following:
The results of this study may provide the Administration of Carlos Hilado Memorial State College (CHMSC) – Binalbagan Campus the data that would be useful in enhancing the interest of the students in reading any English reading materials.
The findings of the study would be used in teaching as a guide for the English teachers to enhance and develop students’ interest in reading English materials for them to be exposed in reading activities.
The findings would be useful and helpful to the faculty in teaching the students to develop their interest in reading and help the teachers to choose varied reading materials to improve the reading comprehension skills of the latter.
The findings of this study would be important to the students in enriching their knowledge in reading comprehension and at the same time to boost the interest in reading to be effective and competent in their academic or occupational purposes.
The parents should be provided with the results of the study so that they can provide the various needs of their children because in so doing they can help them improve their reading interest and academic performance.
The result of this study would help and provide the other researchers the ideas in terms of giving better insights on the significant information related to their chosen research problem.
The following terms were defined either operationally or conceptually for a better understanding of the study.
Reading refers to a complex cognitive process of decoding symbols for the purpose of deriving meaning (reading comprehension) and/or constructing meaning (Dai, 2013). In this study, it refers to an act made by the students to determine their skill.
Interest refers to a quality that attracts your attention and makes you want to learn more about something or to be involved in something (Merriam-Webster, 2016). In this study, it refers to the willingness and involvement of the first year Criminology students in reading activity.
Reading interest refers to the awareness, attention, and curiosity towards a certain subject, activity, pursuit, people, idea or place achieved through reading (Dai, 2013). In this study, it refers to how the students are inclined to read materials which are classified into fiction or non-fiction.
Fiction refers to the written stories about people and events that are not real: literature that tells stories which are imagined by the writer (Merriam-Webster, 2016). The same definition is used in this study.
Non-fiction refers to the writing that is about facts or real events: all writing that is not fiction (Merriam-Webster, 2016). In this study, this refers to the categorized non-fictional reading materials such as: fables, fantasy, poem, novel, drama, and comics.
This study used the descriptive-relational research design utilizing the survey method. The descriptive-relational approach is appropriate to determine the reading interest of the Bachelor of Science in Criminology I students of Carlos Hilado Memorial State College – Binalbagan Campus in the second semester, school year 2015-1016 because the subject of the study talks about a phenomenon that is happening at the present time. According to Best (2013), a descriptive research design describes a condition or phenomenon that is happening in the present time.