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Constraint based routing due to physical impairments in automatically switched transport networks

Diplomarbeit 2002 95 Seiten

Elektrotechnik

Zusammenfassung

Next generation optical communication systems will be characterized by increasing data rates, high signal powers and dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM). In future-optical networks channels will be routed through complex, meshed networks (ASTN, Automatically Switched Transport Networks, ITU-T Recommendation G.808 0/Y.1304). These networks will be able to setup transparent optical paths without converting the optical signals to electrical signals. In all-optical networks the physical impairments and degradation effects play an important role. There is a multitude of degradation effects like dispersion, noise, crosstalk, fiber nonlinearities, polarization dependent loss, etc. To enable a fast setup and the best choice of one of the available paths, the signal quality along the whole transmission distance has to be evaluated very fast.
Ideally, only a single figure of merit (FOM), e.g. the bit error rate (BER), will be computed, which incorporates all degradation effects. Therefore it is important to characterize the different physical impairments analytically. Signal distortions can be measured by an eye opening penalty (EOP) and degradation effects due to noise by the optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR). The goal is to find and calculate these impairments from the signal parameters (modulation format, data rate, duty cycle, channel spacing, etc.) as well as the route parameters (fiber lengths and parameters, EDFA powers, etc.). Due to the need of fast routing algorithms, time-consuming numerical methods or a complete system simulation are not practical. In addition, it is not possible to linearly accumulate the different degradation effects.
The focus of this work is to find analytical or heuristic formulas for each degradation effect. These approximation formulas are compared to the results obtained from a complete simulation of a reference system with the help of the simulation tool PHOTOSS.

Details

Seiten
95
Jahr
2002
ISBN (eBook)
9783638464222
ISBN (Buch)
9783638934336
Dateigröße
1.2 MB
Sprache
Englisch
Katalognummer
v50146
Institution / Hochschule
Technische Universität Dortmund – Lehrstuhl für Hochfrequenztechnik
Note
1,0
Schlagworte
Optical Networks Constraint-based routing Transmission systems Optical Communications Nachrichtentechnik Optik Übertragungssysteme Kommunikationsnetze

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Titel: Constraint based routing due to physical impairments in automatically switched transport networks