Lade Inhalt...

Attitudes of Grade 11 Students towards Politics and Governance in the Philippines

Akademische Arbeit 2020 12 Seiten

Didaktik - Allgemeine Didaktik, Erziehungsziele, Methoden

Leseprobe

Table of contents

RATIONALE

THE PROBLEM

STATEMENT OF HYPOTHESES

METHODOLOGY

PRESENTATION OF DATA, ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION

REFERENCES

QUESTIONNAIRE ON ATTITUDES OF GRADE 11 STUDENTS TOWARD PHILIPPINE POLITICS AND GOVERNANCE

QUESTIONNAIRE ON ATTITUDES OF GRADE 11 STUDENTS TOWARD ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

Rationale

As we are embarking on the enhancement of the K to 12 Basic Education Curriculum, our country is facing a bold metamorphosis. Change is coming and we are fortunate to be able to play a part in this change. Quality learners, quality content, quality processes, and quality outcomes are expedient ingredients quality education (UNICEF, 2010).

In our time teachers in the senior high school level have major challenges. First, we must be concerned with the purpose of schools. Whether a teacher, a school, or a district elects to emphasize academic core subjects, vocational training, or critical thinking, that choice is building toward the common purpose of helping students engage in lifelong learning, participate in a democratic society, and engage in productive life work. However, these choices limit or enhance certain opportunities for Grade 11 senior high school students when it comes to evaluate their mastery and attitudes of the two specialized offered subjects in the General Academic Strand (GAS) namely; Philippine Politics and Governance, and Organization and Management.

And the second challenge is to rethink how these students as history makers’ schooling in the twenty-first century will work. Many school districts are developing their curriculum matrices according to their subjects offered together with the aim at helping students perform well in relation to the learning standards comprising content standards, performance standards, and learning competencies that are outlined in the curriculum (DepEd Order No. 8, s. 2015). On the other hand, the success of the reform movement ultimately will be measured through its impact by looking into the significant trend in relation to the student’s mastery and attitudes, given the often overwhelming social and economic circumstances of students who live in desperately impoverished neighborhoods. This is substantiated by Oakes & Sirotnik (1986) as cited by Aldridge and Goldman (2002) from their critical perspectives on the organization and improvement of schooling that big-city minority students are leaving schools by the tens of thousands each year- some as dropouts, some as graduates- utterly unprepared to participate in and contribute to a democratic society. They lack the skills necessary for gainful employment and they lack the preparation to continue their education. The inquiry of Lehmann (2000), on student- generated discussion in the senior secondary English classroom were heartening, although they may have been somewhat sanitized by student efforts to please their teacher or to prevent getting a low reputation that might affect their marks because of the relatively high level of attention to discussion that was reported by students.

Dornyei quoted Quinto and Dapat (2013) who averred that learners avoid talking about concepts where they would have difficulty expressing themselves i.e. a learner avoid saying certain utterances because she/he does not have enough vocabulary.

By means of assessing the mastery and attitudes of the Grade 11 senior high school students toward these specialized subjects initial implementation; Philippine Politics and Governance, and Organization and Management, we will be able to identify what the students are wanting and addresses themselves to this difficulty by bringing together the important ideas and trends in organizational behavior and good governance. Steve Jobs once said, “If you are working on something exciting that you really care about, you don’t have to be pushed. The vision pulls you.” It is important that we find fulfillment in what we do; that we look forward to what gets up in the morning every single day. It is this eagerness that gravitates us a step closer to our end goal, no matter how big or small (Pabellano et al., 2016).

In short, this prompted the researcher to undergo an action research, for the first time in history in senior high school department and for the past fifteen years of teaching Social Studies from private schools to the public, the researcher is very much ignited in facilitating the students to upgrade their levels of mastery and nurture desirable attitudes successfully and responsibly in the ever-changing work situation.

The Problem

The main problem of this investigation was to find out the mastery and attitudes of Grade 11 – General Academic Strand (GAS) senior high school students toward the initial implementation of Philippine Politics & Governance and Organization & Management. Specifically, the study aimed to find out the answers to the following sub-problems:

1. Is there a significant trend in levels of mastery among Grade 11 students along the following specialized subjects:
1.1 Philippine Politics & Governance; and
1.2 Organization & Management?

2. What is the profile of attitudes of Grade 11 students toward the following specialized subjects:
2.1 Philippine Politics & Governance; and
2.2 Organization & Management

3. Is there a significant relationship between the student’s performance in Philippine Politics & Governance, and Organization & Management?
4. What immediate action may be proposed to upgrade the performance of the students as well as the initial implementation of these specialized subjects in senior high school department?

Statement of Hypotheses

Ho 1. There is no significant trend in levels of mastery among Grade 11 students along the following specialized subjects:

Ho 1.1 Philippine Politics & Governance; and

Ho 1.2 Organization & Management

Ho 2. There is no significant relationship between the student’s performance (GAS- A and GAS- D) along Philippine Politics and Governance and Organization and Management.

Methodology

This study used a correlational research since it measured the extent or magnitude of the association between variables while the other one is descriptive survey to answer the identified problems. This was administered starting month of October 2016 within this semester after collating and preparing this scholarly endeavor in preparing for data saturation.

Instrument I was a data taken from Item Analysis Form comprising the levels of mastery from the four Grade 11 sections (GAS- A to D) and the other two sections (GAS – A and D only). The Chi-square was used to determine the significant trend in mastering the learning competencies of specialized subjects to answer the first problem.

To answer the second problem, a modified attitudinal or questionnaire was employed. This was administered purposively to eighty Grade 11 (GAS A to D) Senior High School students with a sample of sixty Grade 11 (GAS- A and D only) for the two specialized subjects. These could range from the most positive and unfavorable to the most negative and unfavorable and usually covered the sub facets of the attitude domain. The scale used in measuring attitudes was a five-point rating. Ranked those indicated agreements with its weighted mean according to the importance they attached to the respondents.

The third instrument was taken from Form XIV containing the obtained scores of the students by purposive sampling of forty students from sections GAS- A and GAS- D only who were taking these specialized subjects under the researcher’s class program. Their scores in the first quarter were statistically treated using the Pearson r to determine the degree of relationship between the two subjects; Philippine Politics & Governance, and Organization & Management.

A Focus Group Discussion (FGD) comprising qualified Senior High School teachers were consulted to supply answer for the fourth problem which were the challenges they encountered in teaching the core, applied and specialized subjects and the promising actions that should be carried out to diminish if not work out the challenges.

PRESENTATION OF DATA, ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION

The six following tables analyzes and interprets the results of the research conducted and presented in the following order: Grade 11 Students along Levels of Learning in Philippine Politics and Governance; Grade 11 Students along Levels of Learning in Organization and Management; Attitudes of Grade 11 Students towards Philippine Politics and Governance; Attitudes of Grade 11 Students towards Organization and Management; Relationship betweenPhilippine Politics and Governance of Grade 11 (GAS - A); and Relationship between Organization and Management of Grade 11 (GAS – D).

Table 1 Grade 11 Students along Levels of Learning in Philippine Politics and Governance

Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten

Note: Critical value @ .05 level of sig. = 12.592 with 6 df

**Highest frequency; * Lowest frequency

Table 1 indicates that out of 50 item test in Philippine Politics and Governance, section GAS- C garnered the highest frequency of thirty four (34) along mastered level; while section GAS- D had zero (0) mastery. However, sections GAS- A and GAS- C show a tie in Nearly Mastered Levels of Learning. As substantiated totality of one hundred sixteen (116) mastered items; this means that there is a significant trend in levels of mastery among senior high school students regarding this specialized subject because the computed X2 value is higher than the critical value at .05 level of significance; thus hypothesis 1.1 is rejected. The learning standards from the curriculum guide was very adequately carried out. Furthermore, the learners demonstrated an understanding of concepts of politics and governance with the propensity of the historical background of Philippine democratic polity.

Table 2 Grade 11 Students along Levels of Learning in Organization and Management

Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten

Note: Critical value @ .05 level of sig. = 7.815 with 3 df

**Highest frequency; * Lowest frequency

Table 2 manifests that section GAS- D obtained the highest frequency of thirty one (31) along Nearly Mastered Level of Learning in Organization and Management and also got the lowest levels of learning which is only one (1). So far, the grand total of the two sections along Nearly Mastered Level that shows frequency of fifty eight (58) signifies that there is a significant trend in levels of mastery. The computed X2 = 12. 848 is higher than the critical value at .05 level of significance, so hypothesis 1.2 is rejected. Moreover, the learning standards designed needs to be more uplifted for the students in familiarizing basic concepts, principles, and processes of management for enrichment learning.

Table 3 Attitudes of Grade 11 Students toward Philippine Politics and Governance

Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten

Note: n= 80. Parameters: 1.4- below is very unfavorable; 1.5-2.4 Unfavorable; 2.5-3.4 Neutral; 3.5- 4.4 Favorable; 4.5 above Very Favorable

Table 4 Attitudes of Grade 11 Students toward Philippine Politics and Governance

Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten

Note: n= 60. Parameters: 1.4- below is very unfavorable; 1.5-2.4 Unfavorable; 2.5-3.4 Neutral; 3.5- 4.4 Favorable; 4.5 above Very Favorable

Table 5 Correlation between Grade 11 (GAS- D) Student’s Performance in Philippine Politics & Governance and Organization & Management

Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten

Note: Critical value @ .05 level of sig. = 2. 101 with 18 df

Table 6 Correlation between Grade 11 (GAS- A) Student’s Performance in Philippine Politics & Governance and Organization & Management

Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten

Note: Critical value @ .05 level of sig. = 2. 101 with 18 df

References

Aldridge, Jerry and Renitta Goldman (2002). Current Issues and Trends in Education. Allyn and Bacon, A Pearson Education Company.

Lehmann, A.W. (2000). Student-Generated Discussion in the Senior Secondary English Classroom. Networks: An On-line Journal of Teacher Research 3(2). Retrieved October 31, 2008, from http://journals.library.wisc.edu/index.php/netwroks/index

Pabellano, Leo L. (2016) Message from the Editorial Board. Raquel Pawnshop Insider. The official publication of Raquel Pawnshop Series 2015 Vol. 5 No. 19- Issued February to June 2016.

Quinto, Vinchita G. and Lelani C. Dapat (2013). Communication Strategies and Language Proficiency of Pre-Practicum Students. Cebu Normal University Journal of Higher Education.Volume 7 p 149

Republic of the Philippines. Department of Education. Office of the Secretary. Policy Guidelines on Classroom Assessment for the K to 12 Basic Education Program: ( DepEd Order No. 8,) s. 2015. http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/2010-2011/asia.html

QUESTIONNAIRE ON ATTITUDES OF GRADE 11 STUDENTS TOWARD PHILIPPINE POLITICS AND GOVERNANCE

I. Fill in the blank with your personal data and follow the direction before each item correctly.

Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten

II. Read each statement carefully. Then, circle the symbol that best represents your reaction to the statement according to the following scale. 5: Strongly Agree 4: Agree 3: Undecided 2: Disagree 1: Strongly Disagree

Item

1. Philippine Politics & Governance is an interesting subject
2. I like solving social and political problems
3. I feel worried during Phil. Pol. & Gov. class
4. Philippine Politics & Governance is useful in daily life
5. I have a slow flow of energy in Phil. Pol. & Gov. class
6. I am an effective listener during Phil. Pol. & Gov. class
7. I find difficulty in speaking English during Phil. Pol. & Gov
8. I like current issues integrated in Phil. Pol. Gov
9. I am understood well by my teacher in Phil. Pol. & Gov
10. I idolize government officials during class activities

QUESTIONNAIRE ON ATTITUDES OF GRADE 11 STUDENTS TOWARD ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

III. Fill in the blank with your personal data and follow the direction before each item correctly.

Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten

IV. Read each statement carefully. Then, circle the symbol that best represents your reaction to the statement according to the following scale. 5: Strongly Agree 4: Agree 3: Undecided 2: Disagree 1: Strongly Disagree

Item

11. Organization & Management is an interesting subject
12. I like solving economic and business cases
13. I feel worried during Organization & Management class
14. Organization & Management is useful in daily life
15. I feel energetic during Organization & Management class
16. I am an effective listener during Organization & Management
17. I find difficulty in speaking English during Org. & Mgt. class
18. I am interested for my future career path
19. I am understood well by my teacher in Org. & Mgt. time
20. I do not like to start a small-family business

DON SERGIO OSMEŇA SR. MEMORIAL NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL

Senior High School Department

September 27, 2016

BIANITO A. DAGATAN, CESO V

Schools Division Superintendent

Cebu City

Dear Mr. D.:

I would like to ask from your good office that I be allowed to conduct an action research in school level entitled: “Mastery and Attitudes of Grade 11 Students toward Philippine Politics & Governance and Organization & Management” with the use of descriptive correlational design during our classes of these initially implemented specialized subjects for the first quarter of the semester.

Rest assured that this undertaking will contribute to the enhancement of student’s desirable attitudes, mastery level, as well as strengthen their civic competence on good governance in the ever changing work situation. Attached herewith are the tools to be utilized wherein data are available in achieving its credibility and trustworthiness. Furthermore, the findings of this endeavor shall be reported to my colleagues in some form so as to understand new or best practices on teaching and learning in a real life setting.

Thank you very much and God bless.

Very respectfully yours,

REYNALDO V. MORAL

Master Teacher I (SHS)

[...]

Details

Seiten
12
Jahr
2020
Sprache
Englisch
Katalognummer
v931553
Note
11
Schlagworte
attitudes grade students politics governance philippines

Autor

Zurück

Titel: Attitudes of Grade 11 Students towards Politics and Governance in the Philippines